图片 1

An old woman hit my car on the drivers’ side, there are scrathes above
the wheel , on the realms of the wheel and there is also a part pushed
in .It is bad.We were just driving on the road,she back her car from the
parking lot without watching back,and bump!It is 100% her fault.She is
very annoying and crazy, tring to drive away. She just left her phone
number,yelled she is very very busy, her car insurance will cover
repairs of our car and drive away. my husband and I have never had a car
collision or car accident before, and just don’t know how much what need
to be done, what’s going need to be done,how to get our car fixed.So my
husband called the old woman many times,but she didn’t answer.Fuck!I
know it is not super bad,but her attitude is so annoying and made us so
mad.So my husband had to called the police to report this accident. A
few minutes later, two police officers come over, one of them called
her, she answered. She said she will let someone to deal with it ,and we
agreedto go to vehicle loss setting center together in the afternoon,
when we got there,she didn’t even show up,she let a young guy working in
auto repaire company to deal with the thing.well,maybe it is ok.


At first, the guy didn’t want to confirm the accident and we didn’t know
what he planed for.May be he wanted us to fix our car in their
company.Honestly,I ever consider let the vehicle repair compay to fix
our car, because it faster and can be done without any mess. But afer we
called several friends, we decided that we’d better follow the claims to
fix our car with the at fault party’s insurance company.and here is
why:firstly,we are not the at-fault party, and secondly,we also have a
claim against at fault party’s diminished value.even it is fixed
perfectly,it is not worth as much as it is not involved in an
accident.So we insisted to confirm the accident and determine the amount
of loss.When we finish this ,it is almost 5:pm.Next, we go to the auto
4s shop together.

《窥伺者之桥(Bridge of
88 届奥斯卡奖中,本片获得了富含最好影片、最好原创剧本在内的六项提名。

Auto 4s shop said it needs to pay first, so we called her
again.shewanted us topay that afront.Wow! I just can’t believe this.how
can we do that?if we paid,what if she don’t acknowledge it?at that time,
Ieven consider file the claim of our own insurance company,but that’s
stupid,because our insurance fees will go up next year.fortunately we
didn’t choose that idea.Besides,repairing our car would take at least a
month ,because there are still lots of damaged cars caused by Typhoon
waiting to befixed.They won’t give me a temporary car and we don’t have
an extra to drive,so I might have to take bus to work.Oh,noooo! So, we
decided to call police again, she finally agreed to pay afront.that is a

本片是意气风发部至极美利坚联邦合众国主旋律的电影。美苏冷战正酣之时,London律师詹姆斯.Donovan(汤姆.汉克斯饰演)受美利坚同盟军政党的委任,为被捕获的苏维埃社会主义共和国联盟金牌眼线Rudolph.Abe尔元帅负责律师。多诺万顶住多方压力,回绝走过场,认真实行了反对义务。不久后,United States的黄金年代架

we are so tired today.it is so complicated of this thing.



剧照 1


Donovan和另一名律师 Bates

DONOVAN: Don’t say “my guy.” He’s not “my guy.”
BATES: Yes he’s your guy. Who’re we talking about?
DONOVAN: We’re talking about a guy who is insured by my client. So
don’t make him “my guy.”


BATES: Okay, fine, my point is he — the guy insured by your client —
he doesn’t deny any of these things happened —

DONOVAN: “These things?”

BATES: Yes. These five things.

DONOVAN: Wait. Hold it, hold it, hold it. Not five things, one thing.

BATES: Clearly, it’s five things.

DONOVAN: Well — I’m sorry — it’s not clear to me. Five things?
Explain it to

BATES: It’s self-evident.

DONOVAN: Okay, then tell me what happened, tell me the story in a way
that makes sense. For five things.

TOEFL 和 GRE 以致全部作文的最重大的法则:讲证据!

BATES: The guy insured by your client — is driving down State Highway
19 when he loses control of his car, hits my five guys. The five guys
who hired me to represent them because you’re not honoring your claim.

DONOVAN: You mean my client is not honoring the claim. The insurance

BATES: Mr. Donovan: we’re all clear on who’s who here.

DONOVAN: Except, my client honors every claim. They do, Mr. Bates,
single legitimate claim. Up to the limit of their liability, which is
$100,000 per accident in the case of this man’s policy. And this is
one claim, according to your description. “He hit my five guys.” The
guy insured by my client had one accident, one one one, losing
control of the car and hitting five motorcyclists.

多诺万是一个丰硕认真的人。为了重申团结的见识,他在这里边用了「one one

BATES: From their point of view, five things happened.

DONOVAN: Look Bob — may I? Bob? (gestures to self) Jim. If I go
bowling and I throw a strike, one thing happened. Ten things didn’t

BATES: Jim. My clients are not bowling pins. As much your guy might
treated them so —

DONOVAN: Lemme finish. If your house is insured to $100,000 and a
tornado carries it away, it carried away one house. It didn’t pick up
every stick of furniture and destroy it in a separate incident. If
that’s what you’re saying, well, then there is never any limit to our
liability and that is the end of the insurance business. And then,
Bob, nobody is safe.


Up to the limit of their liability, which is $100,000 per accident in
the case of this man’s policy. And this is one claim, according to
your description. “He hit my five guys.” The guy insured by my client
had one accident, one one one, losing control of the car and
hitting five motorcyclists.


那听上去很合理,但就像在心情上令人为难选取。所以 Bates

类比 1

类比 2

那五个类比看起来不讲心理。所以 Bates
TOEFL 的口语、写作和 GRE 的 AW

  1. 类比关系中的八个东西最佳在场景上看似且便于被清楚(风姿洒脱辆车撞了三个人,两球击倒十二个瓶);若是是举事例,那么例子自己要比观点更加直观、更易于驾驭。
  2. 类比关系中的多个东西在内在逻辑上中度生机勃勃致(风流倜傥辆车一次性撞了五个人,一场尘暴一下子消逝了整座房屋);例子也要和观念的内在逻辑中度生机勃勃致。

那番话可以说已经到头驳回了 Bates

剧照 2



(此处的 MAN 就是 Hoffman 探员)


MAN: Yeah. Just wanted to chat. How’s the case going?

DONOVAN: The case is going great. Couldn’t be better.

MAN: Uh-huh. Has your guy talked?

DONOVAN: …Excuse me?

MAN: You met him, has he talked? Has he said anything yet?

(Donovan stares at him. Then,)

DONOVAN: We’re not having this conversation.

MAN: No, of course not.

DONOVAN: No, I mean we’re really not having it. You’re asking me to
violate attorney-client privilege.


MAN: Oh c’mon counselor, you —

DONOVAN: And I wish people like you would quit saying “Oh c’mon,
counselor.” I didn’t like it the first time it happened today, a judge
said it to me twice, and the more I hear it, the more I don’t like it.

MAN: Ok, well listen, I understand attorney-client privilege. I
understand all the legal gamesmanship and I understand that that’s how
you make a living. But I’m talking to you about something else — the
security of your country. I’m sorry if the way I put it offends you,
but we need to know what Abel is telling you. You understand me,
Donovan? We need to know. Don’t go Boy Scout on me — we don’t have a
rule book here.

霍夫曼 在这里地的「Oh come





(Donovan takes a beat, sizing the man up.)

DONOVAN: You’re agent Hoffman, yeah?

MAN: Yeah.

DONOVAN: 德文 extraction? (extraction 可以精通为出身,即 霍夫曼有德意志血统)

MAN: Yeah, so?

DONOVAN: My name is Donovan, Irish. Both sides, mother and father.I’m
Irish, you’re German, but what makes us both Americans? Just one
thing, one one one. The rule book. We call it the Constitution. We
agree to the rules, and that’s what makes us Americans, it’s all that
makes us Americans. So don’t tell me there’s no rule book and don’t
nod at me like that you sonofabitch.

末段这段话是第拔尖的「以夷伐夷」。在您开诚布公正面驳回对手的意见时,建议对方逻辑中不可能自洽之处,让对方不战而败,正是精品选项。霍夫曼你不是跟本人讲国家安全,讲游戏准则吗?嗯,U.S.A.的总游戏准绳是United States刑法;未有美利坚联邦合众国商法就从不所谓的美利坚合众国,因为要是不分明国际法,你这一个意大利人和本身那些爱尔兰人就与美利坚联邦合众国一毛钱关系远非。所以当您以国家安全的名义让本人做违背United States民事诉讼法和法规的事的时候,对不起,你在毁掉U.S.设有的底子。你是相互抵触的。

多诺万律师的思路实际上相通于归谬法(Reductio ad

  1. 鉴定识别出对方意见中的前提和结论,大概说手腕和指标(为了国家安全,小编要你做违规的事)
  2. 从对方的论述中引申出八个或风姿罗曼蒂克多元严密的估量(违规的业务,特别是违宪的事务,实际上动摇了美利坚合众国设有的底子)
  3. 最终得出多少个估算,与对方论述中的前提或根本指标矛盾(动摇United States设有的底子等于抑低国家安全,即为了国家安全而最终威逼了江山安全)
  4. 停在那地。

霍夫曼 的不喜欢,用一句 s.o.b. 甘休了讲话。

这番话间接把 Hoffman打得无言以对。在多诺万整理东西打算走的时候,他讪笑着又多问了一句话,「大家相应忧虑你吗?(Do
we need to worry about
if I’m left alone to do my job.)」意思正是,你们 CIA


2016 年 2 月